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五年制专转本英语真题!

时间:2021-03-18 点击: 8

江苏省2020年五年一贯制高职“专转本”考试英语统考卷

90分钟)

I. Reading Comprehension (本题共15小题,每题2分,共30)

Directions: There are 3 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer to each question.

 

Passage One

 

Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time. Some people express anger openly in a calm, reasonable way. Others burst with anger and scream and yell. But other people keep their anger inside. They cannot or will not express it. This is called repressing (按捺)anger.

For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person's health than expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones (荷尔蒙) as that are produced during tense and nervous situations. They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, so the person feels excited and ready to act. Repressing these feelings will only make the feelings continue, and this can lead to many medical problems. To prevent these problems, these doctors suggest letting the anger out by expressing it freely. But recently some other doctors question this. They say that people who express anger repeatedly will become angrier. And this could cause medical problems.

However, some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous.They believe that those who express anger violently may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep their anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure.

Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger. They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, and then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, “Do not express your anger while angry. Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably.

Doctors say that a good way to deal with anger is to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. They said that laughter is much healthier than anger.

 

1. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?

A. Anger should be let out from time to time

B. Different people deal with anger in different ways

C. Doctors suggest dealing with anger by repressing it

D. The best way to deal with anger is to laugh when angry

2. According to the passage, which of the following is correct?

A. Hormones will cause people to get anxious

B. Hormones are produced when one gets angry

C. The brain produces hormones when one's blood pressure rises

D. The brain produces hormones when one has medical problems

3. Some doctors argue that people who often let the anger out would become _____ .

A. stronger B. happier   C. angrier    D. more violent

4. One correct way to deal with anger is to_______.

A. say nothing no matter how angry you are

B. express anger openly and freely right away

C. express your anger immediately but calmly

D. think about whether it's worth getting angry

5. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

A. Expressing anger can be as dangerous as repressing anger

B. Repressing anger is more dangerous to a person's health than expressing it

C. People may have heart disease if they don't express their anger immediately

D. People should express anger before finding out the real reason for their anger

 

Passage Two

 

Between the 1950s and the early 1980s, the evolving role of Japanese women had been most obvious in their attitudes toward marriage and the family system.     

There had been a trend away from arranged marriages. Many young women admitted that they took paid jobs mostly in order to find a husband on their own. In spite of this and other influences a 1982 figure showed that almost 40 percent of marriages were still arranged. This figure was, however, half the size of a 1955 survey which showed that almost 81 percent of marriages were arranged. Once married, many women in the early 1980s continued to work, and increasingly they returned to work after childbirth, something which was hard to imagine a generation before. A woman's role in the family was evolving as well, becoming more and more dominant.

Women had sought more personal satisfaction from their lives since 1950s. In the    beginning of the 1980s, during their lives before marriage women made up an almost  free-wheeling (随心所欲的) part of Japanese society. A survey of new brides reported that only 12 percent expected their marriage to be happy. At that time, Japanese still regarded marriage not as the peak of a romance but as a duty that was primarily social and practical in significance. As a result, Japanese women took full advantage of their years before marriage. Most women remained at home while working, living with family in a sort of extended dependency. Japanese women, however, must be careful to maintain themselves within acceptable social standards, one woman being told,If you act like that, you will not be wanted as a bride.

Once married a Japanese woman found herself in a role opposite to the perceived sex roles in Japan----the female was dominant in the house. The relationship between the partners of a Japanese marriage clearly showed the evolving role of women. It must be remembered that a short one hundred years ago the attitude toward women was that In everything she must obey her husband". By the early 1980s the role of women had changed: A Japanese woman had almost unquestioned power within the family system of today's Japan.

 

6. What does the phraseon their own" mean in the first paragraph?

A. in a way  B. at once  C. at first sight  D. by themselves

7. What did the author say about Japanese women before the 1950s?

A. Many women continued to work after marriage.

B. A majority of women had their marriages arranged

C. Only less than half of women had arranged marriages.

D. Many women went to work in order to find a husband.

8. What was marriage in many Japanese people's eyes in the early 1980s?

A. It was the end of their romance.

B. It was the beginning of a happy life

C. It was a social responsibility one has to fulfill

D. It was the highest point of their romantic relationship.

9.The perceived sex roles" in the last paragraph most probably refers to the fact that the wife ______      .

A. had to obey the husband in the family

B. had to support the husband and his family

C. could make decisions on everything in the family

D. could question some of the husbands' decision

10. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Changes in the role of Japanese women

B. Changes in the styles of Japanese marriage

C. Japanese women's struggle for free

D. Japanese women's increased power in their families

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